Abstract: Myrmica schoedli sp.n. is described from workers and a single queen collected on the mountains of northern Vietnam, and its taxonomic position is discussed. A first record of M. angulata in Vietnam is reported and a first description of its queen is given. A short review of the Myrmica species known from Vietnam and a key for their identification are provided. It is proposed that M. draco, M. yamanei and M. schoedli sp.n. should be placed in the M. draco complex (a new complex in the M. ritae species group) based on their unusual combination of morphological features.