Abstract: The ponerine ant genus Leptogenys Roger, 1861 in the Oriental region is reviewed, forty species are recognized. Four new synonyms are proposed: L. huangdii Xu, 2000 is a junior synonym of L. lucidula Emery, 1895; L. hodgsoni Forel, 1900 is a junior synonym of L. diminuta (F. Smith, 1857); L. minchinii Forel, 1900 and L. watsoni Forel, 1900 are junior synonyms of L. peuqueti (Andre, 1887). Two new species of the genus, L. yandii sp.n. and L. sunzii sp.n., are described from China. Leptogenys kraepelini Forel, 1905 and L. davydovi Karavaiev, 1935 are recorded in China for the first time. Leptogenys yerburyi Forel, 1900 is excluded from the fauna of China. A key based on the worker caste is provided for the known Oriental species.